RETRACTED ARTICLE Fuzzy multicriteria analysis of “Better Cotton” farmers’ adoption and experts’ recommendation on cotton pest and disease management practices

Keywords: AHP, farming, framework, Pakistan, sustainability



The SJAR Editorial Board, following the Guide to Good Practices of Editorial CSIC and the international recommendations of editorial ethics, due to a conflict of duplicity, has agreed to formally retract the following article: Fuzzy multicriteria analysis of “Better Cotton” farmers’ adoption and experts’ recommendation on cotton pest and disease management practices (2022), by Absar M. Jiskani, Manzoor A. Abro, M. Ibrahim Khaskheli and Khadim H. Wagan. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, Volume 20, Issue 4, e1006.

The retractation is based on the following: in addition to authorship and funding disputes that we cannot arbitrate, the article was submitted to two journals at the same time: Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research (SJAR) and Academia Journal of Agricultural Research (AJAR). This evidence came to light once the article was published in SJAR.

The article was also published in AJAR 10(3), 042-053, March 2022: Fuzzy multi-critaria analysis of better Cotton farmers' adoption and experts' recommendation on Cotton pest and disease management practices, by Absar Mithal Jiskani, Noor Nabi Bhutto and Abdul Rehman,, DOI: 10.15413/ajar.2021.0128. Currently there is neither access to the pdf nor there is any information.

Only the author Absar M. Jiskani is common to both articles.

Both journals indicate in their instructions the same. In the case of AJAR (, “Authors must not submit the same work, in whole or in part, to two places of publication at the same time, or at any time while the manuscript is under review at ACADEMIA PUBLISHING”. In the case of SJAR ( “Submission of a manuscript implies the work described has not been published previously in any language (except in a book of abstracts, in the proceedings of a scientific meeting or as part of a thesis); the work is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, etc. “.

When comparing the submitted version to SJAR to the article published in AJAR (pdf file supplied by the claimant), both articles present more than 80% similarity, with the abstract, tables and figures being identical. This similarity is unacceptable.


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How to Cite
Jiskani, A. M., Abro, M. A., Khaskheli, M. I., & Wagan, K. H. (2022). RETRACTED ARTICLE Fuzzy multicriteria analysis of “Better Cotton” farmers’ adoption and experts’ recommendation on cotton pest and disease management practices. Spanish Journal of Agricultural Research, 20(4), e1006.
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